News on TFR

In this section, we are collecting and publishing news focused on treatment-free remission in CML on a regular basis. We offer you to check the "News on TFR" section to be informed about latest advances in stopping treatment for CML patients.

 

Final 3-year Results of the Dasatinib Discontinuation Trial in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Who Received Dasatinib as a Second-line Treatment

Okada, Masaya et al. Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia , Volume 18 , Issue 5 , 353 - 360.e1 DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2018.03.004

Abstract


TFR study june articleSecond-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), including dasatinib and nilotinib, are better at inhibiting BCR-ABL kinase activity than the first-generation TKI imatinib mesylate. Second-generation TKIs were introduced initially as a second-line treatment for the patients with disease resistant or who were intolerant to imatinib and resulted in a remarkable response rate.1 Because subsequent studies demonstrated that second-generation TKIs show superior efficacy to imatinib for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML),2, 3 their use as a first-line treatment has increased.

Although accumulating evidence has shown that discontinuing imatinib is feasible, trials of patients receiving second-generation TKIs are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a phase II trial to investigate whether long-term TFR was achievable after discontinuing second- or subsequent-line dasatinib treatment after imatinib resistance or intolerance (the DADI trial [dasatinib discontinuation]).

We have confirmed the feasibility of dasatinib discontinuation in patients without imatinib-resistant disease who maintain MR4.0 for ≥ 1 year. Moreover, we have demonstrated that both the characteristics of leukemia cells (an intrinsic factor) and the host immunologic responses (an extrinsic factor) are involved in maintenance of TFR. These findings could be useful for identifying patients who will derive the greatest benefit                                                           from TKI discontinuation and enable optimization of the algorithm used for treatment of CML patients taking TKIs.

To read the full article please visit the Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma, Leukemia Journal

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Considerations for Successful Treatment-free Remission in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Considerations for Successful Treatment-free Remission in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia. Goldberg, Stuart L. et al. Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia , Volume 18 , Issue 2 , 98 – 105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2017.11.006

TFR DOI 1Abstract

BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors have dramatically improved outcomes for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, and current studies are investigating whether some patients may be able to suspend therapy yet maintain response in a state known as “treatment-free remission” (TFR). Results from ongoing studies suggest that ≈ 40% to 60% of patients in sustained (generally ≥ 2 years) deep molecular response (defined as a 4-log or deeper reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcripts, depending on the study) who attempt TFR may successfully remain off treatment. Results from TFR clinical trials, patient considerations for attempting TFR, and potential predictive factors associated with successful TFR are reviewed herein.

To read the full article please visit the Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma, Leukemia Journal

 

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  

fdalogoFDA updates the label of Tasigna to reflect that certain patients with a type of leukaemia that may be eligible to stop treatment after sustained response

Discontinuation in treatment marks a first in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

FDA News Release. December 22, 2017.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has updated the product label for the cancer drug Tasigna (nilotinib) to include information for providers about how to discontinue the drug in certain patients. Tasigna, first approved by the FDA in 2007, is indicated for the treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). With today’s updated dosing recommendations, patients with early (chronic) phase CML who have been taking Tasigna for three years or more, and whose leukaemia has responded to treatment according to specific criteria as detected by a test that has received FDA marketing authorization, may be eligible to stop taking Tasigna.

“Patients diagnosed with CML generally face a lifetime of treatment to keep their leukaemia from growing or recurring,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence and acting director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “This approval shows that some patients may be able to stop treatment with Tasigna altogether if they are showing a strong response to therapy. While we welcome this progress in patient care, it’s important to note that any discontinuation of treatment still means patients must be regularly monitored for disease recurrence.”

To read more, please visit the U.S. Food and Drug Administration website